Language Development and Milestones

Baby Basic Information

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Birth to 3 Months
Reacts to loud sounds
Calms down or smiles when spoken to
Recognizes your voice and calms down if crying
When feeding, starts or stops sucking in response to sound
Coos and makes pleasure sounds
Has a special way of crying for different needs
Smiles when he or she sees you
4 to 6 Months
Follows sounds with his or her eyes
Responds to changes in the tone of your voice
Notices toys that make sounds
Pays attention to music
Babbles in a speech-like way and uses many different sounds, including sounds that begin with p, b, and m
Babbles when excited or unhappy
Makes gurgling sounds when alone or playing
7 Months to 1 Year
Enjoys playing peek-a-boo and pat-a-cake
Turns and looks in the direction of sounds
Listens when spoken to
Understands words for common items such as “cup,” “shoe,” or “juice”
Responds to requests (“Come here”)
Babbles using long and short groups of sounds (“tata, upup, bibibi”)
Babbles to get and keep attention
Communicates using gestures such as waving or holding up arms
Imitates different speech sounds
Has one or two words (“Hi,” “dog,” “Dada,” or “Mama”) by first birthday
1 to 2 Years
Knows a few parts of the body and can point to them when asked
Follows simple commands (“Roll the ball”) and understands simple questions (“Where’s your shoe?”)
Enjoys simple stories, songs, and rhymes
Points to pictures, when named, in books
Acquires new words on a regular basis
Uses some one- or two-word questions (“Where kitty?” or “Go bye-bye?”)
Puts two words together (“More cookie”)
Uses many different consonant sounds at the beginning of words
2 to 3 Years
Has a word for almost everything
Uses two- or three-word phrases to talk about and ask for things
Uses k, g, f, t, d, and n sounds
Speaks in a way that is understood by family members and friends
Names objects to ask for them or to direct attention to them
3 to 4 Years
Hears you when you call from another room
Hears the television or radio at the same sound level as other
Answers simple “Who?” “What?” “Where?” and “Why?” questions
Talks about activities at daycare, preschool, or friends’ homes
Uses sentences with four or more words
Speaks easily without having to repeat syllables or words
4 to 5 Years
Pays attention to a short story and answers simple questions about it
Hears and understands most of what is said at home and in school
Uses sentences that give many details
Tells stories that stay on topic
Communicates easily with other children and adults
Says most sounds correctly except for a few (l, s, r, v, z, ch, sh, and th)
Uses rhyming words
Names some letters and numbers
Uses adult grammar

Speech Milestones Chart


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How To Talk To A Toddler

The following hints come from my invitation-only community. This is only a small part of the advice you can get there.

The ideas come from Anna Freud, Mary Ainsworth, Erik Erikson and other world-famous psychologists.

I will be really happy if you join us.

This is only possible through a personal invitation.

Since you have been interested in language development milestones you can gain access to our community.

Here`s the invitation link for you: Click me (for you it‘s FREE) »

Marcin Peksa

baby's hand

When a child loses concentration

I remember when I was teaching my daughter to speak, there were days when she quickly lost concentration.
I knew that, at that moment, I shouldn’t push the teaching too hard.

It would be unpleasant for both parties.
If I’d only known there was a simple way to increase concentration in toddlers.

One day, I found and applied an approach described in the scientific work of Dr. Chen Yu and Dr. Linda Smith.
After that, I noticed that my daughter could maintain her attention longer.

Here‘s the approach:

Make eye contact.

According to the study, children whose parents make eye contact during play can maintain concentration longer.

This makes it easier for them to focus on speaking in the future.

Simple strategies:

  • Watch your child, and when he or she focuses their eyes on some object, name the object
  • Praise your child when he looks at you while talking.

After implementing these strategies, I noticed that my daughter could keep her attention longer.
It‘s your call.

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toddlers sibilings

How to inspire a toddler to speak

One of the problems I encountered when teaching my daughter to talk was to dare her to speak new words.
I tried different ways, but every time I hit a wall.

Her stubbornness led me to use one of the more effective methods I’ve found.
When I started using this method, my daughter became more brave.

It’s all about using parallel talk.

Here are some simple strategies:

  • Watch what the baby is doing
  • Describe the behavior or what he hears or sees
  • Use age-appropriate language
  • And teach this method to your family and friends.

Thanks to this method, I my daughter started to learn new words.
By the way, I showed my parents that I appreciated their help.

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Don`t make that mistake again

When I taught my daughter to talk, I struggled with various problems.
But this one wasted a lot of time.

My daughter had her own names for different things or animals.
Whatever I did, my daughter spoke in her own way. I was irritated all the time.

Then I discovered this simple solution.
When I applied it, my daughter soon began talking better.

Here‘s this solution: the theory of reinforcement.
It states that you always need to reward the efforts of the child.

Whenever your toddler names something, show him that he did well:

  • Make eye contact with your toddler
  • Smile sincerely
  • Pronounce the word correctly.

When I started using it, I noticed that my daughter was more eager to talk.
Don’t waste any more time. Try it!

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